Coups in Syria
The military coup in Muritania.. has intigued me into looking closely at our own history of military coups..
here's a short list of those..
After several years of french-based democratic parliamentry practice (1946 - 1949) the first coup took place
-March 30,1949 Husni Al-Zaim... He only lasted 4 and a half months...
-August 14, 1949 Sami Al-Hennawi... He appointed Hashim Atassi as a President in December 14th.
-December 19, 1949 Adeeb Al-Shishakly... He kept H. Atassi as a President, while keeping the real power into his hands..
-December 2, 1951 Atassi resigns, the next day Shishakly appoints Fawzi Selow.
-August 10, 1953 Shishakly appoints himself president after a [Referendum].
-February 25, 1954 Restlessness inside the army forces Shishakly to flee syria.
-1958 A group of Baathi and Nassri army officers overstepped the government [Shukri Qouatly-President, Sabri Assali-PM, Khaled Azem-Defence Minister... had exactly no idea of this meeting] and went to egypt to have talks with Gamal Abdul Nasser for an instant full Unity..
-September 28, 1961 Abdul Karim Nahlawi leads a military coup that broke the United Arab Republic, and reannounced Syrian Arab Republic..
-March 28, 1962 A military coup that replaced the government...
-March 8, 1963 The most-famous coup that got Baath party into power unitl this day...
-July 18, 1963 A Failing coup by the Nassris [lead by Jasim Alwan] that resulted in a massacre, 30 high-ranked officers were executed.
-February 23, 1966 a military coup inside the Baathi military institution... that brought Baathi hardliners into power.
-September 8, 1966 A failing coup attempt by Salim Hatoum.
-November 16, 1970 Another coup lead by Hafez Assad [which was considered a moderate inside Baathists], resulted in appointing him a president a year later by a referendum.. he stayed as the president of the S.A.R. until his death in 2000.. and was succeeded by his sun, Dr. Baschar al-Assad...
The last one lasted through a lot of coup attempts, Muslim Brotherhood 1982, Rifaat Assad in the 80s...
After such a bloody history, one would think that the best period in Syria's modern history was the French Mandate... unfortunatly!